Structural basis of recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines by camel peptidoglycan recognition protein

Pradeep Sharma, Divya Dube, Amar Singh, Biswajit Mishra, Nagendra Singh, Mau Sinha, Sharmistha Dey, Punit Kaur, Dipendra K. Mitra, Sujata Sharma, Tej P. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are involved in the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. The well known pathogen-associated molecular patterns include LPS from Gram-negative bacteria and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) from Gram-positive bacteria. In this work, the crystal structures of two complexes of the short form of camel PGRP (CPGRP-S) with LPS and LTA determined at 1.7- and 2.1-Å resolutions, respectively, are reported. Both compounds were held firmly inside the complex formed with four CPGRP-S molecules designated A, B, C, and D. The binding cleft is located at the interface of molecules C and D, which is extendable to the interface of molecules A and C. The interface of molecules A and B is tightly packed, whereas that of molecules B and D forms a wide channel. The hydrophilic moieties of these compounds occupy a common region, whereas hydrophobic chains interact with distinct regions in the binding site. The binding studies showed that CPGRP-S binds to LPS and LTA with affinities of 1.6 × 10-9 and 2.4×10-8 M, respectively. The flow cytometric studies showed that both LPS- and LTA-induced expression of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 was inhibited by CPGRP-S. The results of animal studies using mouse models indicated that both LPS- and LTA-induced mortality rates decreased drastically when CPGRP-S was administered. The recognition of both LPS and LTA, their high binding affinities for CPGRP-S, the significant decrease in the production of LPS-and LTA-induced TNF-α and IL-6, and the drastic reduction in the mortality rates in mice by CPGRP-S indicate its useful properties as an antibiotic agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16208-16217
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 6 2011

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