Stress Proliferation? Precarity and Work–Family Conflict at the Intersection of Gender and Household Income

Wen Fan, Jack Lam, Phyllis E Moen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We theorize a stress proliferation process whereby the stress of job precarity translates into the stress of work-to-family conflict (WFC). We test whether this process differs by gender and household income. Using four cross-sectional waves of the General Social Survey (N = 2,340), we find a positive association between job insecurity and WFC for women but not men. Examined by household income levels, the association is found only for respondents in the lowest income tercile. Furthermore, gender intersects with household income to shape the stress proliferation process. While the insecurity–WFC relationship holds for women across all household income levels, for men this relationship shifts from positive for men in the lowest income tercile to negative for men in the highest income tercile. Our findings suggest that entrenched gendered expectations around work and family may lead women (regardless of household income) and lower-class men to be most vulnerable to stress proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Family Issues
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

household income
proliferation
gender
low income
lower class
income

Keywords

  • gender
  • household income
  • job insecurity
  • stress proliferation
  • work–family conflict

Cite this

@article{ef15e0de870e4db4a62a04601e249e75,
title = "Stress Proliferation? Precarity and Work–Family Conflict at the Intersection of Gender and Household Income",
abstract = "We theorize a stress proliferation process whereby the stress of job precarity translates into the stress of work-to-family conflict (WFC). We test whether this process differs by gender and household income. Using four cross-sectional waves of the General Social Survey (N = 2,340), we find a positive association between job insecurity and WFC for women but not men. Examined by household income levels, the association is found only for respondents in the lowest income tercile. Furthermore, gender intersects with household income to shape the stress proliferation process. While the insecurity–WFC relationship holds for women across all household income levels, for men this relationship shifts from positive for men in the lowest income tercile to negative for men in the highest income tercile. Our findings suggest that entrenched gendered expectations around work and family may lead women (regardless of household income) and lower-class men to be most vulnerable to stress proliferation.",
keywords = "gender, household income, job insecurity, stress proliferation, work–family conflict",
author = "Wen Fan and Jack Lam and Moen, {Phyllis E}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0192513X19862847",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Family Issues",
issn = "0192-513X",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stress Proliferation? Precarity and Work–Family Conflict at the Intersection of Gender and Household Income

AU - Fan, Wen

AU - Lam, Jack

AU - Moen, Phyllis E

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - We theorize a stress proliferation process whereby the stress of job precarity translates into the stress of work-to-family conflict (WFC). We test whether this process differs by gender and household income. Using four cross-sectional waves of the General Social Survey (N = 2,340), we find a positive association between job insecurity and WFC for women but not men. Examined by household income levels, the association is found only for respondents in the lowest income tercile. Furthermore, gender intersects with household income to shape the stress proliferation process. While the insecurity–WFC relationship holds for women across all household income levels, for men this relationship shifts from positive for men in the lowest income tercile to negative for men in the highest income tercile. Our findings suggest that entrenched gendered expectations around work and family may lead women (regardless of household income) and lower-class men to be most vulnerable to stress proliferation.

AB - We theorize a stress proliferation process whereby the stress of job precarity translates into the stress of work-to-family conflict (WFC). We test whether this process differs by gender and household income. Using four cross-sectional waves of the General Social Survey (N = 2,340), we find a positive association between job insecurity and WFC for women but not men. Examined by household income levels, the association is found only for respondents in the lowest income tercile. Furthermore, gender intersects with household income to shape the stress proliferation process. While the insecurity–WFC relationship holds for women across all household income levels, for men this relationship shifts from positive for men in the lowest income tercile to negative for men in the highest income tercile. Our findings suggest that entrenched gendered expectations around work and family may lead women (regardless of household income) and lower-class men to be most vulnerable to stress proliferation.

KW - gender

KW - household income

KW - job insecurity

KW - stress proliferation

KW - work–family conflict

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069804228&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069804228&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0192513X19862847

DO - 10.1177/0192513X19862847

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Family Issues

JF - Journal of Family Issues

SN - 0192-513X

ER -