Stress in Infancy and Early Childhood: Effects on Development

Jenalee R. Doom, Megan R Gunnar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations


Developmental changes during infancy and early childhood guide the maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and experiences during this time may program stress-responsive systems, influencing mental and physical health into adulthood. A growing body of research focuses on social, cognitive, environmental, and genetic moderators of the stress system, as well as how the HPA axis mediates physiological adaptations to stress in childhood. The effects of early stressors, including poverty, maltreatment, and neglect, are being examined to inform interventions that target children with these life histories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Childhood
  • Early adversity
  • HPA axis
  • Infancy
  • Relationships
  • Stress psychobiology
  • Temperament


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