Stress, depressive symptoms, and smoking cessation among pregnant women

Evette J. Ludman, Colleen M. McBride, Jennifer Clark Nelson, Susan J. Curry, Louis C. Grothaus, Harry A Lando, Phyllis L. Pirie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perceived stress and depressive symptoms were examined as correlates and predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy in a sample of 819 pregnant smokers (454 baseline smokers and 365 baseline quitters). Women who quit early in pregnancy had lower levels of stress and depressive symptoms than baseline smokers. Adjusting for level of addiction and other demographic factors related to stress and depressive symptoms eliminated the significant association between depressive symptoms and smoking cessation. Lower levels of stress and depressive symptoms were not predictive of cessation in later pregnancy. Prenatal healthcare providers should continue to assess level of addiction and provide targeted intensive cessation interventions. Interventions that reduce stress and depression may also be of benefit to women who are continuing smokers in early pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Depressive symptoms
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking cessation
  • Stress

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