Streetcars and Recovery: An Analysis of Post-Katrina Building Permits around New Orleans Streetcar Lines

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Researching traditional streetcars' development impacts is challenging: most U.S. lines operate in downtown areas with many development stimuli. This article addresses that challenge through analysis of New Orleans building permits after Hurricane Katrina. We estimate how post-Katrina permit frequency changes with distance from streetcar stops, controlling for damage, proximity to commercial areas, and pre-Katrina demographics. We find that distance to stops strongly predicts building permits. Residential permits increase with distance to stops; commercial permits decrease. Findings confirm streetcars support commercial development, yet suggest potential displacement of residential uses. Implications for future streetcar projects in New Orleans and elsewhere are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-394
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Planning Education and Research
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • land-use mix
  • neighborhood revitalization
  • rail transit
  • streetcar
  • transit-oriented development

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