Street network structure and household activity spaces

Pavithra Parthasarathi, Hartwig Hochmair, David Levinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research analyses the influence of street network structure on household travel patterns, as measured by activity spaces. The analysis uses street network and travel survey data from the Minneapolis – St. Paul (Twin Cities) and Miami – Ft. Lauderdale (South Florida) metropolitan areas. Various measures of street network structure are used to quantify street network structure. The activity space polygon for each household in the travel survey data set is identified by combining the destinations reached by all household members on the given travel day including the household location. Statistical regression models are then estimated for each study area to test the relationship between street network structure and household activity space. The results show that network structure has a significant influence on household travel patterns, after controlling for other non-network variables such as accessibility to jobs and shops, and car ownership.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1090-1112
Number of pages23
JournalUrban Studies
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 18 2015

Keywords

  • activity spaces
  • household spatial patterns
  • network structure
  • space-time framework
  • travel behaviour

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