Strategic management of international joint ventures

Shaker Zahra, Galal Elhagrasey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Today, international joint ventures (IJVs) are widely acknowledged as a viable strategic option. Unfortunately, IJVs have an estimated 60 per cent rate of failure. Shaker Zahra and Galal Elhagrasey suggest that executives can reduce this high failure rate by determining the need for the venture; by carefully selecting compatible IJV partners; by patiently and thoroughly negotiating the purpose, form, scope, duration, and administrative structure of the venture; and by managing problems as they occur during the course of the IJV project. This article provides a step-by-step model of these issues, highlighting potential problems executives may face and how they can address them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-93
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Management Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1994


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