Strain, emotion, and suicide among American Indian youth

Melissa L. Walls, Constance L. Chapple, Kurt D. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, we test the utility of Agnew's general strain theory to explain suicidal behaviors among American Indian youth. Data from 721 American Indian adolescents from the Midwest and Canada were collected in partnership with participating reservations/reserves and a research team. We investigate the effects of strains/stressors on suicide, including tests of mediating effects of negative emotions on relationships between stressors and suicidality. We found that several strains/stressors were related to suicidality, including coercive parenting, caretaker rejection, negative school attitudes, and perceived discrimination. We also found that depressive symptoms and anger mediated the effects of several key predictors of suicidality. We discuss the theoretical and policy implications of our work for the general strain theory and for American Indian suicide in general.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-246
Number of pages28
JournalDeviant Behavior
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007

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North American Indians
American Indian
Suicide
suicide
Emotions
emotion
Parenting
Anger
anger
Canada
discrimination
Depression
adolescent
Research
school

Cite this

Strain, emotion, and suicide among American Indian youth. / Walls, Melissa L.; Chapple, Constance L.; Johnson, Kurt D.

In: Deviant Behavior, Vol. 28, No. 3, 01.05.2007, p. 219-246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walls, Melissa L. ; Chapple, Constance L. ; Johnson, Kurt D. / Strain, emotion, and suicide among American Indian youth. In: Deviant Behavior. 2007 ; Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 219-246.
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