STOP-BANG questionnaire performance in a veterans affairs unattended sleep study program

Ken M. Kunisaki, Kirstin E. Brown, Angela E. Fabbrini, Erin E. Wetherbee, Thomas S. Rector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: There are no published data regarding use of the STOP-BANG sleep apnea questionnaire in populations referred to Veterans Affairs (VA) sleep facilities. If a particular STOP-BANG score cutpoint had high positive predictive value in this referral population, it could reduce the need for diagnostic sleep studies. Methods: STOP-BANG questionnaires were prospectively administered to veterans undergoing unattended sleep studies at a single VA facility.We evaluated the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC AUC) of STOP-BANG scores for identifying a Respiratory Disturbance Index (RDI) greater than 15/hour. We also recalibrated the STOP-BANG score to our referral population, using logistic regression models. Measurements and Main Results: Of 1,196 consecutive veterans undergoing unattended sleep studies, the mean STOP-BANG score was 5.7 ± 1.4, and 67% had an RDI greater than 15/hour. Sensitivities were excellent at lower STOP-BANG scores, but sharply decreased at scores of 6 and above. Specificity improved in a linear fashion with increasing scores. The ROC AUC was 0.66 (95% confi dence interval [CI], 0.64-0.69) and recalibrated models improved the ROC AUC to 0.74 (95% CI, 0.69-0.78). The highest STOP-BANG score of 8 was present in only 7.9% of the sample and had a positive predictive value of 85% (95% CI, 76-92%). Conclusions: The STOP-BANG questionnaire alone is insufficient to confirm the presence of significant sleep apnea.Amaximal score of 8 did not have a high enough positive predictive value to forego confirmatory sleep testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Predictive value of tests
  • Questionnaires
  • Sensitivity and specificity
  • Sleep apnea syndromes

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