Stochastic selection in large and small populations

R. Dennis Cook, Daniel L. Hartl

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe two models of stochastic variation in selection intensity. In both models the arithmetic mean fitness of all genotypes is equal; in both models the geometric mean fitness of the heterozygous genotype is greater than that of both homozygous genotypes. In one model the correlation between the fitnesses of the homozygous genotypes is +1; in the other it is -1. We show that the expected time to absorption of an allele in a finite population is significantly retarded for all initial gene frequencies in the former model. The expected time to absorption of an allele in the latter model is retarded only at extreme initial gene frequencies; at intermediate initial gene frequencies the expected time to absorption is accelerated. We conclude that the criterion for polymorphism based on the geometric mean of the heterozygote being greater than that of both homozygotes provides only limited information about the fate of gene frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalTheoretical Population Biology
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1975

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