Stent placement versus angioplasty for hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplant: A meta-analysis of case series

Nassir Rostambeigi, David Hunter, Sue Duval, Srinath Chinnakotla, Jafar Golzarian

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38 Scopus citations


Background: Hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) is a serious complication of liver transplantation but data on the most effective endovascular management are lacking. We aimed to compare percutaneous balloon angioplasty (PBA) with stent placement. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane, Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Biosis Previews between 1970 and December 2011 and performed meta-analysis of short-term (procedural success, complications) and long-term outcomes (liver function, arterial patency, survival, re-intervention, re-transplantation). Random effects models were used for the analysis and meta-regression performed for the year of study. Results: A total of 263 liver transplants in 257 patients [age 43 (±8) years] underwent 147 PBAs and 116 stents. Transplanted livers were from deceased donors in 240 (91 %). Follow-up was 1 month to 4.5 years (median 17 months). PBA and stent had similar procedural success (89 % vs. 98 %), complications (16 % vs. 19 %), normal liver function tests (80 % vs. 68 %), arterial patency (76 % vs. 68 %), survival (80 % vs. 82 %), and requirement for re-intervention (22 % vs. 25 %) or re-transplantation (20 % vs. 24 %) (P non-significant). In the most recent studies re-transplantation was reported less compared to older series (P = 0.04). Conclusion: Both PBA and stent offer comparable results for HAS. These techniques have contributed to a recent decline in re-transplantation. Key Points: • Interventional radiological procedures are often used to treat post-transplant hepatic artery stenosis. • Meta-analysis shows that percutaneous balloon angioplasty and stent placement are both efficacious. • Percutaneous balloon angioplasty and stent placement appear to have similar complication rates. • Re-transplantation rates have declined, partly due to interventional management for arterial stenosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1323-1334
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2013


  • Angioplasty
  • Hepatic artery stenosis
  • Liver transplant
  • Meta-analysis
  • Stent placement


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