State health agency & local health department workforce: Identifying top development needs

Angela J. Beck, Jonathon P. Leider, Fatima Coronado, Elizabeth Harper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Objectives.To identify occupations with high-priority workforce development needs at public health departments in the United States. Methods. We surveyed 46 state health agencies (SHAs) and 112 local health departments (LHDs). We asked respondents to prioritize workforce needs for 29 occupations and identify whether more positions, more qualified candidates, more competitive salaries for recruitment or retention, or new or different staff skills were needed. Results. Forty-one SHAs (89%) and 36 LHDs (32%) participated. The SHAs reported having high-priority workforce needs for epidemiologists and laboratory workers; LHDs for disease intervention specialists, nurses, and administrative support, management, and leadership positions. Overall, the most frequently reported SHA workforce needs were more qualified candidates and more competitive salaries. The LHDs most frequently reported a need for more positions across occupations and more competitive salaries. Workforce priorities for respondents included strengthening epidemiology workforce capacity, adding administrative positions, and improving compensation to recruit and retain qualified employees. Conclusions. Strategies for addressing workforce development concerns of health agencies includeprovidingadditional trainingandworkforcedevelopmentresources, andidentifyingbest practices for recruitment and retention of qualified candidates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1418-1424
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes


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