State Estimation and Run-Out Reduction for Magnetically Levitated Motor Systems

Nathan Petersen, Timothy Slininger, Eric L. Severson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Magnetically levitated motor systems create opportunities for new applications of electromechanical power conversion where high-speed and contact-free operation are required. These systems require position sensors and control algorithms for stable levitation which often require filters to reduce feed-back noise. Noisy position feedback creates challenges for high-bandwidth estimation of velocity and disturbance force; however, these unmeasured states can be helpful for high-performance control algorithms. This common problem in drives for electric motors has been solved using the Luenberger-style motion state observer. This paper investigates the applicability of the observer to digitally-controlled magnetically levitated systems. First, the observer's embedded plant model is derived for discrete-time implementation. Then, it is shown that the most advantageous use-case of the observer is different for magnetically levitated systems versus rotary motor systems. Unlike motor systems, the zero-lag filtering property of observers is minimally useful, while the ability to estimate and reject disturbances yields significant performance improvements for applications that care about run-out. In a prototype bearingless motor, rotor run-out is reduced by 5x by using control techniques based on the proposed observer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4008-4015
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728151359
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event13th IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: Oct 10 2021Oct 14 2021

Publication series

Name2021 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference13th IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVirtual, Online
Period10/10/2110/14/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

Keywords

  • disturbance estimation
  • magnetic levitation
  • observers
  • state estimation

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