Starch characteristics of waxy and nonwaxy tetraploid (Triticum turgidum l. var. durum) wheats

L. A. Grant, N. Vignaux, D. C. Doehlert, M. S. McMullen, E. M. Elias, S. Kianian

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Abstract

Manufacture of pasta products is paramount for durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum). The recent development of waxy durum wheat containing starch with essentially 100% amylopectin may provide new food processing applications and present opportunities for value-added crop production. This investigation was conducted to determine differences in some chemical and functional properties of waxy durum starch. Starch was isolated from two waxy endosperm lines and four nonwaxy cultivars of durum wheat. One of the waxy lines (WX-1) was a full waxy durum wheat whereas the other line (WX-0) was heterogeneous, producing both waxy and nonwaxy seed. Effects on starch swelling, solubility, pasting, gelatinization, and retrogradation were examined. The full waxy starch had four times more swelling power than the nonwaxy durum starches at 95°C, and was also more soluble at three of the four temperatures used. Starch pasting occurred earlier and peak viscosities were greater for starches from both waxy lines than for the nonwaxy starches, but their slurries were less stable with continued stirring and heating. Greater energy was required to melt gelatinized waxy starch gels, but no differences were found in either refrigerated storage or freeze-thaw retrogradation, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry. The results of this investigation showed some significant differences in the starch properties of the waxy durum wheat lines compared to the nonwaxy durum wheats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)590-595
Number of pages6
JournalCereal Chemistry
Volume78
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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