Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among HIV-infected adults in Botswana: prevalence and risk factors

Michael J.A. Reid, Andrew P. Steenhoff, Naledi Mannathoko, Charles Muthoga, Erin McHugh, Eric L. Brown, Rebecca S.B. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We sought to determine the clinical and epidemiologic determinants of Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in HIV-infected individuals at two outpatient centers in southern Botswana. Standard microbiologic techniques were used to identify S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). In a sample of 404 HIV-infected adults, prevalence of S. aureus nasal carriage was 36.9% (n = 152) and was associated with domestic overcrowding and lower CD4 cell count. MRSA prevalence was low (n = 13, 3.2%), but more common among individuals with asthma and eczema. The implications of these findings for HIV management are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-965
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • nasal colonization
  • S. aureus; HIV
  • sub-Saharan Africa

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