Standard Practices of Reticular Chemistry

Cornelius Gropp, Stefano Canossa, Stefan Wuttke, Felipe Gándara, Qiaowei Li, Laura Gagliardi, Omar M. Yaghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations


Since 1995 when the first of metal−organic frameworks was crystallized with the strong bond approach, where metal ions are joined by charged organic linkers exemplified by carboxylates, followed by proof of their porosity in 1998 and ultrahigh porosity in 1999, a revolution in the development of their chemistry has ensued. This is being reinforced by the discovery of two- and three-dimensional covalent organic frameworks in 2005 and 2007. Currently, the chemistry of such porous, crystalline frameworks is collectively referred to as reticular chemistry, which is being practiced in over 100 countries. The involvement of researchers from various backgrounds and fields, and the vast scope of this chemistry and its societal applications, necessitate articulating the “Standard Practices of Reticular Chemistry”.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1255-1273
Number of pages19
JournalACS Central Science
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 26 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
C.G., Leopoldina postdoctoral fellow of the German National Academy of Science (LPDS 2019-02), acknowledges the receipt of a fellowship of the Swiss National Science Foundation (P2EZP2-184380). S.C. acknowledges the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) for supporting his research (Project 12ZV120N). S.W. acknowledges funding from the Basque Government Industry Department under ELKARTEK and HAZITEK programs. F.G. acknowledges funding from the Spanish Research Agency (AEI, CTQ2017-87262-R, EUR2019-103824), and Ramón y Cajal program (RyC-2015-18384). Q.L. acknowledges the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21922103 and 21961132003) for supporting his research. L.G. acknowledges the Inorganometallic Catalyst Design Center, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (DE-SC0012702), and the Nanoporous Materials Genome Center, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Award DE-FG02-17ER16362, as part of the Computational Chemical Sciences Program. O.M.Y. acknowledges the support and collaboration as part of UC Berkeley-KACST Joint Center of Excellence for Nanomaterials for Clean Energy Applications, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.


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