Stakeholder involvement in NEPA scoping processes: Evaluating practices and effects in transportation agencies

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Focusing on environmental review practice in state departments of transportation in the US, the study examines the practices and effects of stakeholder involvement in scoping processes conducted under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Based on a survey of environmental review staff in 46 of the 50 states, the study finds variation in approaches used by states and relatively high levels of perceived effectiveness. The findings include a number of internal and external factors that contribute to effectiveness and highlight the impacts of participation on the content and outcomes of scoping processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-678
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2 2008



  • NEPA
  • Participation
  • Scoping
  • Transportation

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