Focusing on environmental review practice in state departments of transportation in the US, the study examines the practices and effects of stakeholder involvement in scoping processes conducted under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Based on a survey of environmental review staff in 46 of the 50 states, the study finds variation in approaches used by states and relatively high levels of perceived effectiveness. The findings include a number of internal and external factors that contribute to effectiveness and highlight the impacts of participation on the content and outcomes of scoping processes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The author would like to thank the University of Minnesota’s Center for Transportation Studies for their funding of this study and assistance in administering the grant. Special thanks are also due to Susan Sloper, graduate research assistant in the urban and regional planning programme in the Humphrey Institute at the University of Minnesota. Her assistance with the literature review and administering the survey was invaluable. Thanks also to state DOT staff who responded to the survey and numerous staff from the Minnesota Department of Transportation who provided important insights and feedback during the research process.