Square patterns and quasipatterns in weakly damped Faraday waves

Wenbin Zhang, Jorge Viñals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Pattern formation in parametric surface waves is studied in the limit of weak viscous dissipation. A set of quasipotential equations (QPEs) is introduced that admits a closed representation in terms of surface variables alone. A multiscale expansion of the QPEs reveals the importance of triad resonant interactions, and the saturating effect of the driving force leading to a gradient amplitude equation. Minimization of the associated Lyapunov function yields standing wave patterns of square symmetry for capillary waves, and hexagonal patterns and a sequence of quasipatterns for mixed capillary-gravity waves. Numerical integration of the QPEs reveals a quasipattern of eightfold symmetry in the range of parameters predicted by the multiscale expansion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R4283-R4286
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1996


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