SPT-CL J2040-4451: An SZ-selected galaxy cluster at z = 1.478 with significant ongoing star formation

M. B. Bayliss, M. L N Ashby, J. Ruel, M. Brodwin, K. A. Aird, M. W. Bautz, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, S. Bocquet, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, H. M. Cho, A. Clocchiatti, T. M. Crawford, A. T. Crites, S. Desai, M. A. Dobbs, J. P. Dudley, R. J. Foley, W. R. FormanE. M. George, D. Gettings, M. D. Gladders, A. H. Gonzalez, T. De Haan, N. W. Halverson, F. W. High, G. P. Holder, W. L. Holzapfel, S. Hoover, J. D. Hrubes, C. Jones, M. Joy, R. Keisler, L. Knox, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, J. Liu, M. Lueker, D. Luong-Van, A. Mantz, D. P. Marrone, K. Mawatari, M. McDonald, J. J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, E. D. Miller, L. Mocanu, J. J. Mohr, T. E. Montroy, S. S. Murray, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, C. L. Reichardt, A. Rest, J. E. Ruhl, B. R. Saliwanchik, A. Saro, J. T. Sayre, K. K. Schaffer, E. Shirokoff, J. Song, B. Stalder, R. Šuhada, H. G. Spieler, S. A. Stanford, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, K. Story, C. W. Stubbs, A. Van Engelen, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, R. Williamson, O. Zahn, A. Zenteno

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41 Scopus citations


SPT-CL J2040-4451 - spectroscopically confirmed at z = 1.478 - is the highest-redshift galaxy cluster yet discovered via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. SPT-CL J2040-4451 was a candidate galaxy cluster identified in the first 720 deg2of the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey, and has been confirmed in follow-up imaging and spectroscopy. From multi-object spectroscopy with Magellan-I/Baade+IMACS we measure spectroscopic redshifts for 15 cluster member galaxies, all of which have strong [O II] λλ3727 emission. SPT-CL J2040-4451 has an SZ-measured mass of M500, SZ = 3.2 ± 0.8 × 1014Mh, corresponding to M200, SZ = 5.8 ± 1.4 × 1014Mh. The velocity dispersion measured entirely from blue star-forming members is σv= 1500 ± 520 km s-1. The prevalence of star-forming cluster members (galaxies with >1.5 M yr-1) implies that this massive, high-redshift cluster is experiencing a phase of active star formation, and supports recent results showing a marked increase in star formation occurring in galaxy clusters at z ≳ 1.4. We also compute the probability of finding a cluster as rare as this in the SPT-SZ survey to be >99%, indicating that its discovery is not in tension with the concordance ΛCDM cosmological model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 10 2014

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© 2014 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


  • galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CL J2040-4451)
  • galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • galaxies: evolution
  • large-scale structure of universe


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