SPT-CL J2040-4451 - spectroscopically confirmed at z = 1.478 - is the highest-redshift galaxy cluster yet discovered via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. SPT-CL J2040-4451 was a candidate galaxy cluster identified in the first 720 deg2of the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey, and has been confirmed in follow-up imaging and spectroscopy. From multi-object spectroscopy with Magellan-I/Baade+IMACS we measure spectroscopic redshifts for 15 cluster member galaxies, all of which have strong [O II] λλ3727 emission. SPT-CL J2040-4451 has an SZ-measured mass of M500, SZ = 3.2 ± 0.8 × 1014Mh, corresponding to M200, SZ = 5.8 ± 1.4 × 1014Mh. The velocity dispersion measured entirely from blue star-forming members is σv= 1500 ± 520 km s-1. The prevalence of star-forming cluster members (galaxies with >1.5 M yr-1) implies that this massive, high-redshift cluster is experiencing a phase of active star formation, and supports recent results showing a marked increase in star formation occurring in galaxy clusters at z ≳ 1.4. We also compute the probability of finding a cluster as rare as this in the SPT-SZ survey to be >99%, indicating that its discovery is not in tension with the concordance ΛCDM cosmological model.
- galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CL J2040-4451)
- galaxies: distances and redshifts
- galaxies: evolution
- large-scale structure of universe