Spray-cooling for wind-based compressed air energy storage

Chao Qin, Eric Loth, Perry Y Li, Terrence W Simon, James D Van De Ven, Stephen E. Crane, Amir Pourmousa

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Energy systems can benefit from compact and efficient energy storage technologies. In particular, energy storage is well suited for off-shore wind turbines whose output energy variability is typically inconsistent with grid power demand. Furthermore, accommodating peak power generation can lead to over-sizing of electrical generator and transmission lines. It would be more efficient and economical if off-shore wind turbines could be sized for average power and could produce this power on a continuous basis. This would allow the traditional wind turbine generator and transmission lines can be replaced by a smaller, lower-cost, constant-speed generator and a transmission system sized for average power output. This study analyzes a compressor to build and maintain compressed air energy storage for a 35-MPa accumulator sized for a 5 MW off-shore wind turbine. The compressor employs a liquid piston for compression and water spray for heat transfer to achieve near isothermal behavior and efficiency. The overall compression is achieved in three stages with pressure ratios of 10:1, 7:1, and 5:1 under 1-Hz working frequency. The results indicate that droplet surface area plays a critical role in system performance and that high mass loading and small drops can increase overall system efficiency by as much as 50%, as compared to conventional air compressor systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Sep 11 2013
Event11th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, IECEC 2013 - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jul 14 2013Jul 17 2013


Other11th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, IECEC 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


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