Sport versus climate: Introducing the climate vulnerability of sport organizations framework

Madeleine Orr, Yuhei Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


Climate change presents a significant and growing challenge to the sport industry, especially outdoor and winter sports. The authors present a conceptual framework that elucidates the varying states of climate vulnerability a sport organization may face, so practitioners may better understand the risks of climate change. The authors developed the Climate Vulnerability of Sport Organizations (CVSO) framework by building on—and linking—concepts of climate vulnerability, exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity in the context of sport organizations. By placing potential impact on one axis and organizational climate capacity on the other, the authors present four quadrants representing four types of climate vulnerability: the Problem State, the Redundant State, the Responsive State, and the Fortified State. Positioning organizations within the CVSO framework facilitates a better understanding of the effort and resources needed to address climate-related risks. Though not all sport organizations will be equally impacted by climate change, all must be prepared to identify the risks to their organizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-463
Number of pages12
JournalSport Management Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand


  • Adaptation
  • Climate change
  • Organizational capacity
  • Sustainability
  • Vulnerability


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