Spiritually Integrated Interventions for PTSD and Moral Injury: a Review

J. Irene Harris, Elizabeth S. Chamberlin, Brian Engdahl, Amanda Ayre, Timothy Usset, Diana Mendez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


Purpose of review: The scope of this article is to summarize (a) what is known about the relationships between spirituality and trauma outcomes and (b) outline options for spiritually integrated trauma care. Recent findings: Research on relationships between spirituality and psychological trauma outcomes has advanced to the point that there is no doubt that interventions addressing spiritual distress can provide critically needed help to trauma survivors who want spiritually integrated care. There are now many options for providing spiritually integrated care for trauma, including both implicitly and explicitly spiritually integrated options, group and individual options, and options for chaplaincy and mental health providers. Summary: This review focused on spiritually integrated interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder that have at least one randomized controlled trial in the peer-reviewed literature. Eight interventions with that level of evidence are described with a review of clinical recommendations for their use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-212
Number of pages17
JournalCurrent Treatment Options in Psychiatry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 27 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply.


  • Moral injury
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Psychotherapy
  • Spiritually integrated care


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