Spinal D-Serine Increases PKC-Dependent GluN1 Phosphorylation Contributing to the Sigma-1 Receptor-Induced Development of Mechanical Allodynia in a Mouse Model of Neuropathic Pain

Sheu Ran Choi, Ji Young Moon, Dae Hyun Roh, Seo Yeon Yoon, Soon Gu Kwon, Hoon Seong Choi, Suk Yun Kang, Ho Jae Han, Alvin J. Beitz, Jang Hern Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have recently shown that spinal sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) activation facilitates nociception via an increase in phosphorylation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor GluN1 subunit (pGluN1). The present study was designed to examine whether the Sig-1R-induced facilitative effect on NMDA-induced nociception is mediated by D-serine, and whether D-serine modulates spinal pGluN1 expression and the development of neuropathic pain after chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve. Intrathecal administration of the D-serine degrading enzyme, D-amino acid oxidase attenuated the facilitation of NMDA-induced nociception induced by the Sig-1R agonist, 2-(4-morpholinethyl)1-phenylcyclohexane carboxylate. Exogenous D-serine increased protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent (Ser896) pGluN1 expression and facilitated NMDA-induced nociception, which was attenuated by preteatment with the PKC inhibitor, chelerythrine. In CCI mice, administration of the serine racemase inhibitor, L-serine O-sulfate potassium salt or D-amino acid oxidase on postoperative days 0 to 3 suppressed CCI-induced mechanical allodynia (MA) and pGluN1 expression on day 3 after CCI surgery. Intrathecal administration of D-serine restored MA as well as the GluN1 phosphorylation on day 3 after surgery that was suppressed by the Sig-1R antagonist, N-[2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-N-methyl-2-(dimethylamino)ethylamine dihydrobromide or the astrocyte inhibitor, fluorocitrate. In contrast, D-serine had no effect on CCI-induced thermal hyperalgesia or GluN1 expression. These results indicate that spinal D-serine: 1) mediates the facilitative effect of Sig-1R on NMDA-induced nociception, 2) modulates PKC-dependent pGluN1 expression, and 3) ultimately contributes to the induction of MA after peripheral nerve injury. Perspective This report shows that reducing D-serine suppresses central sensitization and significantly alleviates peripheral nerve injury-induced chronic neuropathic pain and that this process is modulated by spinal Sig-1Rs. This preclinical evidence provides a strong rationale for using D-serine antagonists to treat peripheral nerve injury-induced neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-427
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Pain
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • D-serine
  • GluN1 phosphorylation
  • neuropathic pain
  • protein kinase C
  • sigma-1 receptor

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