Spin reorientation driven by the interplay between spin-orbit coupling and Hund's rule coupling in iron pnictides

Morten H. Christensen, Jian Kang, Brian M. Andersen, Ilya Eremin, Rafael M. Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

In most magnetically-ordered iron pnictides, the magnetic moments lie in the FeAs planes, parallel to the modulation direction of the spin stripes. However, recent experiments in hole-doped iron pnictides have observed a reorientation of the magnetic moments from in-plane to out-of-plane. Interestingly, this reorientation is accompanied by a change in the magnetic ground state from a stripe antiferromagnet to a tetragonal nonuniform magnetic configuration. Motivated by these recent observations, here we investigate the origin of the spin anisotropy in iron pnictides using an itinerant microscopic electronic model that respects all the symmetry properties of a single FeAs plane. We find that the interplay between the spin-orbit coupling and the Hund's rule coupling can account for the observed spin anisotropies, including the spin reorientation in hole-doped pnictides, without the need to invoke orbital or nematic order. Our calculations also reveal an asymmetry between the magnetic ground states of electron- and hole-doped compounds, with only the latter displaying tetragonal magnetic states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214509
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume92
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2015

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