Multiband superconductivity, involving resonant pair scattering between different bands, has emerged as a possible explanation of some of the main characteristics of the recently discovered iron pnictides. A key feature of such interband pairing mechanism is that it can generate or enhance superconductivity irrespective of whether it is attractive or repulsive. The latter case typically leads to the superconducting gap switching its sign among different sections of the Fermi surface. In iron pnictides, the natural scenario is that the gap changes sign between the hole and the electron Fermi surfaces. However, the macroscopic symmetry of such an extended s′ -wave state still belongs to the general s -wave category, raising the question of how to distinguish it from an ordinary s wave. In such a quest, it is essential to use experimental techniques that have a momentum space resolution and can probe momenta of order (π,π): the wave vector that separates the hole and the electron Fermi surfaces in the Brillouin zone. Here we study experimental signatures in the spin fluctuation dynamics of the fully gapped s - and s′ -wave superconducting states, as well as those of the nodal d and p wave states. The coupling between spin fluctuations of the incipient nearly nested spin-density wave (SDW) and the Bogoliubov-de Gennes quasiparticles of the superconducting state leads to the Landau-type damping of the former. The intrinsic structure of the superconducting gap leaves a distinctive signature in the form of this damping, allowing it to be used to diagnose the nature of iron-based superconductivity in neutron scattering and other experiments sensitive to spin fluctuations in momentum space. We also discuss the coexistence between superconductivity and SDW order.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Nov 10 2008|