Speculations on the W-mass measurement at CDF

Jiayin Gu, Zhen Liu, Teng Ma, Jing Shu

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5 Scopus citations


The W mass determination at the Tevatron CDF experiment reported a deviation from the SM expectation at the 7σ level. We discuss a few possible interpretations and their collider implications. We perform electroweak global fits under various frameworks and assumptions. We consider three types of electroweak global fits in the effective-field-theory framework: the S-T, S-T- , and eight-parameter flavor-universal one. We discuss the amounts of tensions between different measurements reflected in these fits and the corresponding shifts in central values of these parameters. With these electroweak fit pictures in hand, we present a few different classes of models and discuss their compatibility with these results. We find that while explaining the discrepancy, the single gauge boson extensions face strong LHC direct search constraints unless the is fermiophobic (leptophobic), which can be realized if extra vector fermions (leptons) mix with the SM fermions (leptons). Vector-like top partners can partially generate the needed shift to the electroweak observables. The compatibility with the top squark is also studied in detail. We find that the non-degenerate top squark soft masses enhance the needed operator coefficients, enabling an allowed explanation compatible with current LHC measurements. Overall, more theoretical and experimental developments are highly in demand to reveal the physics behind this discrepancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123107
JournalChinese Physics C
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
J.G. is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC) ( 12035008). Z.L. is supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) (DE-SC0022345). T.M. is supported by "Study in Israel" Fellowship for Outstanding Post-Doctoral Researchers from China, by PBC of CHE from India, and also partially supported by grants from the NSF-BSF (2018683), the ISF (482/20), and the Azrieli foundation. J.S. is supported by the NSFC (12025507, 12150015, 12047503), the Strategic Priority Research Program and Key Research Program of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB21010200, XDB23010000, ZDBS-LY-7003), and also by CAS project for Young Scientists in Basic Research (YSBR-006). 3

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Chinese Physical Society and the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Modern Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • EWPT
  • SUSY squark
  • W mass
  • Z-prime
  • vector-like quark


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