Speech produced by children is characterized by a high fundamental frequency which complicates measurement of vocal tract resonances, and hence coarticulation. Here two whole-spectrum measures of coarticulation are validated, one temporal and one spectral, that are less sensitive to these challenges. Using these measures, consonant-vowel coarticulation is calculated in the speech of a large sample of 4-year-old children. The measurements replicate known lingual coarticulatory findings from the literature, demonstrating the utility of these acoustic measures of coarticulation in speakers of all ages.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the participating families and Learning to Talk lab members, especially Rebecca Higgins and Michele Liquori. Research was supported by NIDCD Grant No. R01 02932 to J.R.E., B.M., and Mary E. Beckman and a U.C. Berkeley Dissertation Completion Fellowship to M.C.