Restriction endonuclease-digested mitochondrial DNA from 29Pythium spp. showed distinctly different species-specific electrophoretic banding patterns. Numerical comparisons among species were conducted by calculating the percentage of restriction fragments having the same apparent molecular size. The greatest interspecific similarity in banding patterns (67%) was observed betweenHindIII digests ofPythium heterothallicum andP. sylvaticum. However, comparisons among other species generally revealed similarities of less than 50%, and often less than 30%. The lack of similarity of restriction banding patterns was observed even with several species that share many common morphological features:P. arrhenomanes vsP. graminicola (20%),P. myriotylum vsP. aristosporum (28%), andP. torulosum vsP. vanterpoolii (32%). In contrast to the fragment size heterogeneity among different species, isolates of the same species have highly conserved restriction patterns. Ten isolates ofP. oligandrum, collected from the United States, South Africa, and Czechoslovakia, had a minimum of 86% similarity inHindIII banding patterns. Similar results were observed with eight isolates ofP. ultimum, five ofP. acanthicum, six ofP. spinosum, five ofP. sylvaticum, and eight ofP. irregulare. However, two isolates ofP. irregulare exhibited a higher degree of heterogeneity and shared only 64 to 76% comigrating bands with the eight other isolates of this species.
- Mitochondrial DNA
- Pythium spp