Specialized compartments of cardiac nuclei exhibit distinct proteomic anatomy

Sarah Franklin, Michael J. Zhang, Haodong Chen, Anna K. Paulsson, Scherise A. Mitchell-Jordan, Yifeng Li, Peipei Ping, Thomas M. Vondriska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

As host to the genome, the nucleus plays a critical role as modulator of cellular phenotype. To understand the totality of proteins that regulate this organelle, we used proteomics to characterize the components of the cardiac nucleus. Following purification, cardiac nuclei were fractionated into biologically relevant fractions including acid-soluble proteins, chromatin-bound molecules and nucleoplasmic proteins. These distinct subproteomes were characterized by liquid chromatography-tandem MS. We report a cardiac nuclear proteome of 1048 proteins-only 146 of which are shared between the distinct subcompartments of this organelle. Analysis of genomic loci encoding these molecules gives insights into local hotspots for nuclear protein regulation. High mass accuracy and complementary analytical techniques allowed the discrimination of distinct protein isoforms, including 54 total histone variants, 17 of which were distinguished by unique peptide sequences and four of which have never been detected at the protein level. These studies are the first unbiased analysis of cardiac nuclear subcompartments and provide a foundation for exploration of this organelle's proteomes during disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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