Spatiotopic updating across saccades in the absence of awareness

Yijun Ge, Zhouyuan Sun, Chencan Qian, Sheng He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Despite the continuously changing visual inputs caused by eye movements, our perceptual representation of the visual world remains remarkably stable. Visual stability has been a major area of interest within the field of visual neuroscience. The early visual cortical areas are retinotopic-organized, and presumably there is a retinotopic to spatiotopic transformation process that supports the stable representation of the visual world. In this study, we used a cross-saccadic adaptation paradigm to show that both the orientation adaptation and face gender adaptation could still be observed at the same spatiotopic (but different retinotopic) locations even when the adapting stimuli were rendered invisible. These results suggest that awareness of a visual object is not required for its transformation from the retinotopic to the spatiotopic reference frame.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-173
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of vision
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 3 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by Strategy Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Science (XDB32020200), Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS; KJZD-SW-L08), Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission (Z181100001518002), Beijing Advanced Discipline Fund, National Natural Science Foundation of China (32000787), and Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (2021089).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021. All Rights Reserved.


  • adaptation
  • consciousness
  • eye movement
  • spatiotopic
  • visual awareness


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