Spatio-temporal measurement of indoor particulate matter concentrations using a wireless network of low-cost sensors in households using solid fuels

Sameer Patel, Jiayu Li, Apoorva Pandey, Shamsh Pervez, Rajan K. Chakrabarty, Pratim Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many households use solid fuels for cooking and heating purposes. There is currently a knowledge gap in our understanding of the variations in indoor air quality throughout the household as most of the studies focus on the areas in the close proximity of the cookstove. A low-cost wireless particulate matter (PM) sensor network was developed and deployed in households in Raipur, India to establish the spatio-temporal variation of PM concentrations. The data from multiple sensors were acquired in real-time with a wireless system. Data collected from the sensors agreed well (R 2 =0.713) with the reference data collected from a commercially available instrument. Low spatial variability was observed within the kitchen due to its small size and poor ventilation – a common feature of most rural Indian kitchens. Due to insufficient ventilation from open doors and windows, high PM concentrations similar to those found in the kitchen were also found in the adjoining rooms. The same household showed significantly different post-extinguished cookstove PM concentration decay rates (0.26 mg/m 3 -min and 0.87 mg/m 3 -min) on different days, owing to varying natural air exchange rates (7.68 m 3 /min and 37.40 m 3 /min).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-65
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cookstoves
  • Household air pollution
  • Indoor air quality
  • Low-cost instrumentation
  • Spatio-temporal PM

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