Spatial scale changes the relationship between beta diversity, species richness and latitude

Rachakonda Sreekar, Masatoshi Katabuchi, Akihiro Nakamura, Richard T. Corlett, J. W.Ferry Slik, Christine Fletcher, Fangliang He, George D Weiblen, Guochun Shen, Han Xu, I. Fang Sun, Ke Cao, Keping Ma, Li Wan Chang, Min Cao, Mingxi Jiang, I. A.U.Nimal Gunatilleke, Perry Ong, Sandra Yap, C. V.Savitri Gunatilleke & 12 others Vojtech Novotny, Warren Y. Brockelman, Wusheng Xiang, Xiangcheng Mi, Xiankun Li, Xihua Wang, Xiujuan Qiao, Yide Li, Sylvester Tan, Richard Condit, Rhett D. Harrison, Lian Pin Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between β-diversity and latitude still remains to be a core question in ecology because of the lack of consensus between studies. One hypothesis for the lack of consensus between studies is that spatial scale changes the relationship between latitude and β-diversity. Here, we test this hypothesis using tree data from 15 large-scale forest plots (greater than or equal to 15 ha, diameter at breast height ≥1 cm) across a latitudinal gradient (3-30°) in the Asia-Pacific region. We found that the observed β-diversity decreased with increasing latitude when sampling local tree communities at small spatial scale (grain size ≤0.1 ha), but the observed β-diversity did not change with latitude when sampling at large spatial scales (greater than or equal to 0.25 ha). Differences in latitudinal β-diversity gradients across spatial scales were caused by pooled species richness (γ-diversity), which influenced observed β-diversity values at small spatial scales, but not at large spatial scales. Therefore, spatial scale changes the relationship between β-diversity, γ-diversity and latitude, and improving sample representativeness avoids the γ-dependence of β-diversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number181168
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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species richness
latitudinal gradient
sampling
grain size
ecology

Keywords

  • ForestGEO
  • null model
  • pairwise dissimilarity
  • tree diversity
  • β-deviation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Sreekar, R., Katabuchi, M., Nakamura, A., Corlett, R. T., Slik, J. W. F., Fletcher, C., ... Pin Koh, L. (2018). Spatial scale changes the relationship between beta diversity, species richness and latitude. Royal Society Open Science, 5(9), [181168]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181168

Spatial scale changes the relationship between beta diversity, species richness and latitude. / Sreekar, Rachakonda; Katabuchi, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Akihiro; Corlett, Richard T.; Slik, J. W.Ferry; Fletcher, Christine; He, Fangliang; Weiblen, George D; Shen, Guochun; Xu, Han; Sun, I. Fang; Cao, Ke; Ma, Keping; Chang, Li Wan; Cao, Min; Jiang, Mingxi; Gunatilleke, I. A.U.Nimal; Ong, Perry; Yap, Sandra; Gunatilleke, C. V.Savitri; Novotny, Vojtech; Brockelman, Warren Y.; Xiang, Wusheng; Mi, Xiangcheng; Li, Xiankun; Wang, Xihua; Qiao, Xiujuan; Li, Yide; Tan, Sylvester; Condit, Richard; Harrison, Rhett D.; Pin Koh, Lian.

In: Royal Society Open Science, Vol. 5, No. 9, 181168, 01.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sreekar, R, Katabuchi, M, Nakamura, A, Corlett, RT, Slik, JWF, Fletcher, C, He, F, Weiblen, GD, Shen, G, Xu, H, Sun, IF, Cao, K, Ma, K, Chang, LW, Cao, M, Jiang, M, Gunatilleke, IAUN, Ong, P, Yap, S, Gunatilleke, CVS, Novotny, V, Brockelman, WY, Xiang, W, Mi, X, Li, X, Wang, X, Qiao, X, Li, Y, Tan, S, Condit, R, Harrison, RD & Pin Koh, L 2018, 'Spatial scale changes the relationship between beta diversity, species richness and latitude', Royal Society Open Science, vol. 5, no. 9, 181168. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181168
Sreekar R, Katabuchi M, Nakamura A, Corlett RT, Slik JWF, Fletcher C et al. Spatial scale changes the relationship between beta diversity, species richness and latitude. Royal Society Open Science. 2018 Sep 1;5(9). 181168. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181168
Sreekar, Rachakonda ; Katabuchi, Masatoshi ; Nakamura, Akihiro ; Corlett, Richard T. ; Slik, J. W.Ferry ; Fletcher, Christine ; He, Fangliang ; Weiblen, George D ; Shen, Guochun ; Xu, Han ; Sun, I. Fang ; Cao, Ke ; Ma, Keping ; Chang, Li Wan ; Cao, Min ; Jiang, Mingxi ; Gunatilleke, I. A.U.Nimal ; Ong, Perry ; Yap, Sandra ; Gunatilleke, C. V.Savitri ; Novotny, Vojtech ; Brockelman, Warren Y. ; Xiang, Wusheng ; Mi, Xiangcheng ; Li, Xiankun ; Wang, Xihua ; Qiao, Xiujuan ; Li, Yide ; Tan, Sylvester ; Condit, Richard ; Harrison, Rhett D. ; Pin Koh, Lian. / Spatial scale changes the relationship between beta diversity, species richness and latitude. In: Royal Society Open Science. 2018 ; Vol. 5, No. 9.
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