Spatial learning and memory impairment and increased locomotion in a transgenic amyloid precursor protein mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

J. M. Walker, S. W. Fowler, D. K. Miller, A. Y. Sun, G. A. Weisman, W. G. Wood, G. Y. Sun, A. Simonyi, T. R. Schachtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study provides an examination of spatial learning and a behavioral assessment of irritability and locomotion in TgCRND8 mice, an amyloid precursor protein transgenic model of Alzheimer's disease. Performance was assessed using the Barnes maze, the touch escape test, and an open-field test. While past research focused primarily on 2-5-month-old TgCRND8 mice, the present study used an older age cohort (9-month-old female mice), in addition to a 4-month-old cohort of both transgenic (Tg) and wildtype female mice. Both younger and older Tg mice displayed poor spatial learning in the Barnes maze task compared to their wildtype littermates, as demonstrated by significantly longer latencies and more errors both during acquisition and at a 2-week retest. No differences in irritability were found between Tg and control mice in the younger cohort; however, older Tg mice displayed significantly higher irritability compared with wildtype littermates, as measured by the touch escape test. Additionally, Tg mice of both age cohorts showed increased locomotion and slowed habituation during a 60-min open-field test over 3 days of testing. These results demonstrate that TgCRND8 mice show significant deficits in spatial and nonspatial behavioral tasks at advanced stages of amyloid pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume222
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2011

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Barnes maze
  • Open-field
  • Spatial learning and memory
  • TgCRND8
  • Touch escape

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