Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1 spread throughout Nigeria between 2006 and 2007. Bird samples collected across the country were submitted through the free-of-charge (FOC) program to the National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (NVRI-Vom) laboratory. The present article describes the spatial distributions and evaluated clustering of the FOC submissions from poultry farms at the global, local, and focal levels between 2006 and 2007 epidemic in Nigeria. Spatial statistics evaluating clustering of the FOC submissions were implemented using the Moran’s I test, the purely spatial cluster analysis with the SaTScan Poisson model, and the Bithell's linear score test. A significant global clustering of the FOC submissions was observed. Significant local clusters of submissions were observed in the North-East, North-Central, and South-West zones. There was significant decline in FOC submissions with increasing distance from NVRI-Vom. These results indicated that the geographic area of influence of the FOC submission program in Nigeria was limited to regions closer to the diagnostic laboratory. This work provides a detailed insight into the surveillance activities during the HPAI outbreaks in Nigeria, and should assist policy-makers and field veterinarians to improve the effectiveness of national eradication plans in the face of any outbreak of animal diseases.
|Translated title of the contribution||Spatial clustering of pathology submissions during the initial introduction and spread of avian influenza H5n1 in poultry in Nigeria in 2006-2007|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are grateful to the National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom for providing us with the pathology submissions data, and the Avian Influenza Control Project, Abuja, Nigeria, for providing us with the data of registered poultry farms. This study was completed during Dr. Pius Ekong’s Masters in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (MPVM) at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, USA, which was partially funded by the Graduate Student Support Program (GSSP) and the Baron’s Fellowship grants of the University of California, Davis USA.
© 2018, Istituto Zooprofilattico dell'Abruzzo e del Molise. All rights reserved.
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Avian influenza
- Disease spread
- Pathology submission
- Spatial clustering