Spastic facial muscle disorders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Facial muscles are a group of striated muscles that, among other things, control facial expression and are innervated by the facial nerve (CNVII). In contrast, the nearby eyelid retractor muscle and masticator muscles are innervated by the oculomotor (CNIII) and mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve (CNV), respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCraniofacial Muscles
Subtitle of host publicationA New Framework for Understanding the Effector Side of Craniofacial Muscle Control
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages35
ISBN (Electronic)9781461444664
ISBN (Print)1461444659, 9781461444657
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013


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