Sparse neural attentive knowledge-based models for grade prediction

Sara Morsy, George Karypis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Grade prediction for future courses not yet taken by students is important as it can help them and their advisers during the process of course selection as well as for designing personalized degree plans and modifying them based on their performance. One of the successful approaches for accurately predicting a student's grades in future courses is Cumulative Knowledge-based Regression Models (CKRM). CKRM learns shallow linear models that predict a student's grades as the similarity between his/her knowledge state and the target course. A student's knowledge state is built by linearly accumulating the learned provided knowledge components of the courses he/she has taken in the past, weighted by his/her grades in them. However, not all the prior courses contribute equally to the target course. In this paper, we propose a novel Neural Attentive Knowledge-based model (NAK) that learns the importance of each historical course in predicting the grade of a target course. Compared to CKRM and other competing approaches, our experiments on a large real-world dataset consisting of ∼1.5 grades show the effectiveness of the proposed NAK model in accurately predicting the students' grades. Moreover, the attention weights learned by the model can be helpful in better designing their degree plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEDM 2019 - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Educational Data Mining
EditorsCollin F. Lynch, Agathe Merceron, Michel Desmarais, Roger Nkambou
PublisherInternational Educational Data Mining Society
Pages366-371
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781733673600
StatePublished - 2019
Event12th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2019 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 2 2019Jul 5 2019

Publication series

NameEDM 2019 - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Educational Data Mining

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2019
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/2/197/5/19

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by NSF (1447788, 1704074, 1757916, 1834251), Army Research Office (W911NF1810344), Intel Corp, and the Digital Technology Center at the University of Minnesota. Access to research and computing facilities was provided by the Digital Technology Center and the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute, http://www.msi. umn.edu.

Publisher Copyright:
© EDM 2019 - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Educational Data Mining. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Attention networks
  • Grade prediction
  • Knowledge-based models
  • Neural networks
  • Undergraduate education graduation and retention rates

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