Sparse feedback structures for wireless control of civil systems

Reuben D. Verdoljak, Lauren E. Linderman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although originally popularized for structural health monitoring, wireless smart sensors are an attractive alternative to traditional tethered systems for structural control. Their onboard sensing, processing, and wireless communication offer all the components of a feedback control system. However, wireless smart sensors pose unique challenges for the application of centralized control, which is common in most modern control systems. Decentralized control offers several advantages to wireless structural control, including limiting the wireless communication required and the associated slow sampling rate and time delays in the control system. Previous decentralized structural control algorithms, both Ad-Hoc and Heuristic, enforce a spatial sparsity pattern during the design, which is assumed a priori. Therefore, the optimal feedback structure is not considered in the design. This work explores a decentralized optimal LQR design algorithm where the sparsity of the feedback gain is incorporated into the objective function. The control approach is compared to previous decentralized control techniques on the 20-Story control benchmark structure. Sparsity and control requirements are compared to centralized designs. The optimal sparse feedback design offers the best balance of performance, measurement feedback, and control effort. Additionally, the feedback structure identified is not easily identifiable a priori; thus, highlighting the significance of particular measurements in this feedback framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2015
EditorsHoon Sohn, Kon-Well Wang, Jerome P. Lynch
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781628415384
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2015 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Mar 9 2015Mar 12 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9435
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherSensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period3/9/153/12/15

Keywords

  • Decentralized structural control
  • Feedback gain
  • Optimal sparse control

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