Relying on space-time linearly precoded orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) and exploiting both transmit and receive antenna diversity, we design herein multirate transceivers that guarantee deterministic symbol recovery with diversity gains regardless of the (possibly unknown) frequency-selective finite impulse response (FIR) channels and multiuser interference. Our approach is based on a three-level design of user codes: the top level (based on OFDMA) handles multiuser interference, the middle level (based on space-time block coding) results in space-time diversity gains, and the lower level (based on linear precoding) mitigates intersymbol interference (ISI). In a multiuser/multirate setting, with two transmit and a single receive antenna, our designs achieve guaranteed diversity gains, whereas the use of two receive antennas could potentially double the capacity of the system (in terms of maximum number of users or achievable transmission rates) under favorable conditions (such as no frequency offset). Simulations illustrate the merits of our approach.
- Linear precoding
- Space-time coding