Soybean oil-based polyurethane networks as candidate biomaterials: Synthesis and biocompatibility

Shida Miao, Lijing Sun, Ping Wang, Ruina Liu, Zhiguo Su, Songping Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


Biobased polymeric materials are gaining increasing attention in biomedical areas. Here, we report a new class of biocompatible polyurethanes prepared from soybean oil-based polyol that was synthesized by ring-opening reaction of epoxidized monoglyceride (EMG) with lactic acid. By adjusting the molar ratio of hydroxyl to isocyanate group and the content of chain extender, soybean oil-based polyurethanes with tensile strength of 9.30-27.1MPa and elongation at break of 74.1-110.7% were prepared, while usual lipid-based polyurethanes with the same 1,6-diisocyanatohexane as reactant hardly have tensile strength higher than 5MPa. Mouse fibroblast cells (L-929) showed good adhesion and growth behavior on the polyurethane samples with more hydrophilic surfaces, and the cell viabilities of more than 50% were achieved with commercial tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) disk as control. The good mechanical property and biocompatibility of the soybean oil-based polyurethanes will make them suitable for wide range of potential biomedical applications. Practical applications: The synthesized soybean oil-based polyurethanes have adjustable tensile strengths from 9.30-27.1MPa and elongation at break of 74.1-110.7%. Along with their good biocompatibility, the polyurethanes can potentially replace wide range of part of petroleum-based polymeric materials, particularly as biomedical materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1165-1174
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Lipid Science and Technology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2012


  • Biocompatibility
  • Lactic acid
  • Polyol
  • Polyurethane
  • Soybean oil


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