Soybean charcoal rot disease fungus Macrophomina phaseolina in Mississippi produces the phytotoxin (-)-botryodiplodin but no detectable phaseolinone

Mohammad Ramezani, W. Thomas Shier, Hamed K. Abbas, Jennifer L. Tonos, Richard E. Baird, Gabriel L. Sciumbato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research on charcoal rot disease in soybeans, and approximately 500 other plant diseases caused by the fungus Macrophomina phaseolina, has been severely hampered by unavailability of phaseolinone (1), an eremophilane sesquiterpenoid phytotoxin proposed to facilitate initial infection. Phytotoxin produced in cultures of disease-causing M. phaseolina isolated in Mississippi, and purified in a manner similar to that reported for 1, was shown to be (-)-botryodiplodin (2), a readily synthesized mycotoxin previously isolated from Botryodiplodia theobromae cultures. Phaseolinone was not detected, suggesting that 2 may be the phytotoxin that facilitates infection. The availability of 2 should facilitate studies on its role in plant disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-129
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

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