Sources of capabilities, integration and technology commercialization

Shaker A. Zahra, Anders P. Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

481 Scopus citations


In recent years, companies have increased their use of internal and external sources in pursuit of a competitive advantage through the effective and timely commercialization of new technology. Grounded in the resource-based view of the firm, this study examines the effect of a company's use of internal and external sources on multiple dimensions of successful technology commercialization (TC). The study also explores the moderating role of formal vs. informal integration mechanisms on these relationships. Applying a longitudinal design and data from 119 companies, the results show that internal human and technology-based manufacturing sources are positively associated with successful TC. Formal and informal integration mechanisms also significantly moderate the relationships observed between capability sources and TC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-398
Number of pages22
JournalStrategic Management Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2002


  • Capability sources
  • Integration
  • Resource-based theory
  • Technology commercialization


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