Source-specific Exposure to Contradictory Nutrition Information

Documenting Prevalence and Effects on Adverse Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes

Chul joo Lee, Rebekah H Nagler, Ningxin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Communication scholars have raised concerns that the media present contradictory or conflicting information on health, science, and political issues, speculating that such information may have adverse effects on public cognitions, affect, and behaviors. However, the evidence base for the effects of contradictory messages remains thin. Using nutrition as a case example, this study builds upon this nascent literature by employing a three-wave panel dataset from a survey with a nationally representative sample of American adults. We found that exposure to contradictory nutrition messages from television increases nutrition confusion, whereas exposure from print media decreases confusion. Moreover, nutrition confusion was positively associated with nutrition backlash, and nutrition backlash decreased engagement in fruit and vegetable consumption. Implications for campaigns and other communication interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-461
Number of pages9
JournalHealth communication
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2018

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Confusion
Nutrition
nutrition
Communication
Television
Vegetables
Cognition
Fruit
print media
communication
Health
health science
Fruits
vegetables
cognition
television
campaign
evidence

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

Source-specific Exposure to Contradictory Nutrition Information : Documenting Prevalence and Effects on Adverse Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes. / Lee, Chul joo; Nagler, Rebekah H; Wang, Ningxin.

In: Health communication, Vol. 33, No. 4, 03.04.2018, p. 453-461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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