Exocrine cells secrete granule proteins by regulated or constitutive-like secretory pathways. It is thought that all secretory proteins can enter immature secretory granules in exocrine cells. To test this hypothesis, we expressed the constitutive secretory protein secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) in the exocrine cell line AR42J and compared its secretion to that of amylase, an endogenous regulated secretory protein. Secretion of SEAP and amylase were stimulated about 1.5-fold by substance P and 2-fold by barium chloride. In dexamethasone-treated cells, SEAP and amylase secretion were stimulated about 1.8-fold by substance P, 5-fold by barium chloride, and 4-fold by cholecystokinin-8. Cycloheximide reduced basal secretion of SEAP and amylase by 50%, increasing cholecystokinin-stimulated secretion to about 10-fold. Sodium butyrate induced expression of SEAP 2-fold but had no effect on stimulated secretion. These results suggest that SEAP is stored in secretory granules in AR42J cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Apr 13 1999|