Sorption of chlorophenolic compounds to primary clarifier solids

S. J. Severtson, S. Banerjee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experimental study of the aqueous retention of chlorophenolic chemicals by wood fibers and sludge samples indicates the hydrophobic sorption to the lignin fraction of clarifier solids is responsible for the organic chemical retention by primary sludge. Measurements of the sludge/water distribution coefficient for a model system involving the aqueous sorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,5-trichlorophenol to kraft softwood fibers showed a strong dependency on the compound's octanol-water distribution coefficient and on the kappa number of the fibers. Experiments also indicate chlorophenolic compounds do not bind to fiber-derived solids when they are in their conjugate base or ionized form. Through sorption measurements of model compounds using collected clarifier sludge and overflow samples, these findings are confirmed for the various fibrous components of primary sludge. The results indicate the sludge/water distribution for chlorophenolic molecules will be limited by their ionization under the alkaline conditions of primary treatment, but for compounds not possessing acidic groups, hydrophobic sorption can result in a strong magnification of concentrations in the sludge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTAPPI Proceedings - International Environmental Conference
PublisherTAPPI Press
Pages263-267
Number of pages5
Volume1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
EventProceedings of the 1995 International Environmental Conference. Part 1 (of 2) - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: May 7 1995May 10 1995

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1995 International Environmental Conference. Part 1 (of 2)
CityAtlanta, GA, USA
Period5/7/955/10/95

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    Severtson, S. J., & Banerjee, S. (1995). Sorption of chlorophenolic compounds to primary clarifier solids. In TAPPI Proceedings - International Environmental Conference (Vol. 1, pp. 263-267). TAPPI Press.