Some key differences between a happy life and a meaningful life

Roy F. Baumeister, Kathleen D. Vohs, Jennifer L. Aaker, Emily N. Garbinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

300 Scopus citations

Abstract

Being happy and finding life meaningful overlap, but there are important differences. A large survey revealed multiple differing predictors of happiness (controlling for meaning) and meaningfulness (controlling for happiness). Satisfying one's needs and wants increased happiness but was largely irrelevant to meaningfulness. Happiness was largely present oriented, whereas meaningfulness involves integrating past, present, and future. For example, thinking about future and past was associated with high meaningfulness but low happiness. Happiness was linked to being a taker rather than a giver, whereas meaningfulness went with being a giver rather than a taker. Higher levels of worry, stress, and anxiety were linked to higher meaningfulness but lower happiness. Concerns with personal identity and expressing the self contributed to meaning but not happiness. We offer brief composite sketches of the unhappy but meaningful life and of the happy but meaningless life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-516
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Positive Psychology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • happiness
  • meaning
  • relationships
  • satisfaction with life
  • self

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