Solvatochromic hydrogen bond donor acidity of aqueous binary solvent mixtures for reversed-phase liquid

Jung Hag Park, Myung Duk Jang, Dong Soo Kim, Peter W. Carr

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Solvatochromic hydrogen bond (HB) donor acidity (αm) values for aqueous mixtures of methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran were measured by electronic absorption spectroscopy employing bis[α-(2-pyridyl)-benzylidine-3,4-dimethylaniline]bis(cyano)iron(II) as an indicator, and compared to available literature values. The HB donor acidity of all the aqueous organic mixtures increases in a nonlinear fashion as water is added to the organic solvent. For mixtures of acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran, which are not acidic or are only slightly acidic, with water αm increases rapidly as a small amount of water is first added, then shows a plateau region, and finally slowly rises to the acidity value of water. In contrast, the αm for the mixtures of methanol, ethanol and isopropanol, which are quite acidic, increase slowly as the first small amount of water is added and then increase rapidly as the mixtures approaches pure water. Literature values of αm for water-methanol mixtures, which were determined from the DT(30) values of Reichardt's betaine dye, showed a minimum in the plot of αm vs. volume fraction of organic component. It was also shown that the solvophobicity parameter (Sp) of methanol- and ethanol-water mixtures can be described by a combination of the dipolarity (πm*) and HB donor acidity (αm) of the mixtures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-116
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue numberC
StatePublished - 1990


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