Soluble CD30 levels as a diagnostic marker for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome following human lung transplantation

Anjali S. Golocheikine, Deepti Saini, Sabarinathan Ramachandran, Elbert P. Trulock, Alexander Patterson, T. Mohanakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The long term survival of human lung allograft is hampered by the occurrence of chronic rejection, Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (BOS). This end-stage disease is normally diagnosed clinically by using the pulmonary function tests. This results in delay of BOS diagnosis and consequently prevents early intervention. It is generally accepted that alloimmunity plays an important role in chronic rejection of the allograft. In this study we analyzed serial serum samples from BOS+ and BOS- patients for sCD30 levels to determine the role of sCD30 to predict the onset of BOS. In contrast to BOS negative patients and normal subjects, 6 out of 9 BOS+ patients (p < 0.05) studied had an increase in the sCD30 levels. Significantly, the rise was noted 7.57 ± 2.63 months before the clinical diagnosis was evident. Therefore, we propose that the rise in serum sCD30 levels can be used as a marker for the detection of patients who are at risk of development of BOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-263
Number of pages4
JournalTransplant Immunology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by NIH/NHLBI HL56543 (TM). The authors would like to thank Nancy Steward and Aviva Aloush for the technical assistance, and Billie Glasscock for the assistance in preparing this manuscript.

Copyright:
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS)
  • Chronic rejection
  • FEV1
  • Lung transplantation
  • sCD30

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