Solitary waves in cold collisionless plasma

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Abstract

The propagation of finite amplitude waves in a magnetized plasma, in which thermal motion and collisions are neglected, is studied for arbitrary direction of propagation. Solutions for oblique propagation are presented, which complement the analytical solutions for propagation perpendicular to the magnetic field obtained by Adlam and Allen and others, and for parallel propagation obtained by Saffman. Oblique propagation is much more complicated than the two limiting cases in that: (1) In a given direction and at a given speed higher than the Alfvén speed there are a large number of different waves and (2) As shown by Saffman there are additional waves whose speed is less than the Alfvén speed. These submagnetic waves are investigated in the limit of infinite mass ratio, and the results compared with computer calculations. The stability of the waves against the two-stream instability is investigated and it is shown that (1) The supermagnetic waves (speed higher than Alfvén speed vA) are destroyed by the two-stream instability unless vA/c is sufficiently large (2) The submagnetic waves are destroyed by the two-stream instability unless the pressure is non-negligible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1555-1571
Number of pages17
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1964

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