The fluorescent labeling of peptides at concentrations as low as 10−8 M can be achieved by using a solid‐phase reactor. Using oxidized insulin chain B as a test peptide, we demonstrate the use of an Immobilon CD membrane to capture and preconcentrate peptides. Insulin chain B can then be labeled with a fluorogenic reagent, 3‐(2‐furoyl)quinoline‐2‐carboxaldehyde, while it is still attached to the membrane. Unwanted fluorescent products (attributed to secondary reactions) can be washed away with methanol without significant removal of the labeled insulin chain B, which then can be extracted with a low pH buffer. The analysis by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography with post‐column laser‐induced fluorescence detection (mass limit of detection of 2.4 × 10−21 moles insulin chain B) results in electropherograms that show great improvement in terms of unwanted peaks and high number of theoretical plates (up to 20 million). The use of the solid‐phase reactor allows easy handling of as little as 5 picomoles of insulin chain B.
- Fluorescent labeling
- Fluorogenic reagents