Solid phase extraction and simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of trace amounts of copper and iron using mixture of ligands

Yadollah Yamini, Leyla Hejazi, Diako Ebrahimi Mohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel sensitive and simple method for rapid and selective extraction, preconcentration and determination of iron (as its bathophenanthroline complex) and copper (as its neocuproine complex) using octadecyl silica cartridges and dual wavelength spectrophotometry is presented. The dual wavelength method (533 nm for the iron-bathophenanthroline and 454 nm for the copper-neocuproine as the analytical wavelength) is used to eliminate spectral interferences. Extraction efficiency and the influence of flow rates of sample solution and eluent, pH, amount of neocuproine, bathophenanthroline and hydroxylamine hydrochloride, type and least amount of eluent for elution of iron and copper complexes from cartridge, break-through volume and limit of detection are evaluated. The effects of various cationic and anionic interferences on percent recovery of iron and copper are also studied. Extraction efficiencies >95% are obtained by elution of cartridges with minimal amount of organic solvent. Iron and copper were determined in the range of 3-100 ng mL-1. The limits of detection are 0.98 and 1.13 ng mL-1 for iron and copper, respectively. The proposed method is applied successfully to the determination of both analytes in river, tap and well water samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalMikrochimica Acta
Volume142
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 29 2003

Keywords

  • Bathophenanthroline
  • Copper(I)
  • Dual wavelength method
  • Iron(II)
  • Neocuproine
  • Octadecyl silica cartridge
  • Solid phase extraction

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